Understanding that there are multiple fault lines in Kenya where inter-communal conflict occurs and this creates opportunities for criminal gangs to take advantage of conflict and instability, REINVENT supports the delivery of peace and cohesion strategies at the national and sub-national levels. Through these interventions we envision state and non-state actors will have the capacity to prevent and respond to threats to peace and cohesion, and build inclusive, resilient communities.
REINVENT PROGRAMME APPROACH
Providing technical assistance to develop guidelines and reporting tools for implementation of national level peace policies and strategies in accordance with Kenya’s obligations under UNSCR 1325 on women, peace and security, UNSCR 2250 on youth, peace and security and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions.
Building the capacity of regional economic blocs and county governments to localize national peace and cohesion legislations to the respective regional and county contexts.
Promoting innovation and synergies among peace actors.
Building the capacity of local peace and security structures with established legitimacy and potential to become more inclusive in preventing and managing of conflict.
Linking the peace dividend to development and large-scale investments.
Supporting inter communal dialogue forums to foster peace.
The pilot project by Community Safety Initiative (CSI-KENYA) sought to understand the underlying drivers of recurrent cross border violence in Laikipia, Baringo, Isiolo, West Pokot and Samburu counties and how the availability and proliferation of small arms and light weapons among these communities exacerbates conflict among local communities and with ranch owners.
A key lesson that emerged was that external actors design theories of change often assuming hard State led approaches will deliver inter-communal peacebuilding and thus devise ways in which the State is compelled to increase security approaches including sometimes military deployments in volatile regions in a bid to ensure that community members perpetuating conflict are apprehended and held ‘accountable’.
On the contrary, this intervention has found that in fragile, conflict and violence affected settings (FCVAS), there is need to re-evaluate the limitations of State led hard approaches and how intra and inter community allegiances play out when there are threats to commonly held community beliefs on existence, prosperity and power.